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Reference chapter

Question 1
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ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS APPROPRIATE FOR LIFE

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Question 1

Study the information about the three areas A, B and C and answer the questions which follow.

N.B. Remember that light readings have no units. The lowest reading is 0 (no light) and the highest reading is 10 (very bright).

Comparison of the three areas

 

Area A

Area B

Area C

Soil - mostly clay

Soil - mostly sand

Soil - mixture of sand and clay

Water - swamp conditions, many ponds and the soil very wet; daily rainfall

Water - hardly any surface water; very little rainfall

Water - soil moist but not very wet; most rainfall in Spring and Autumn

Temperature - average annual temperature around 28°C

Temperature - average annual temperature around 32°C

Temperature - average annual temperature around 15°C

Sunlight - average light reading: 8

Sunlight - average light reading: 8

Sunlight - average light reading: 5

Human activity - minimal effect; area inaccessible: very swampy with dense vegetation

Human activity - minimal effect, minimal vegetation

Human activity - many roads connecting small villages; some land converted to farmland

 

(a) Suggest in which of these three areas the following animals would be found. (Answer A, B or C. Only one choice allowed for each!)

 

Animal

Suggested Area

Animal

Suggested Area

Rattlesnake

 

Earthworm

 

Frog

 

Fox

 

Dragonfly

 

Alligator

 

Squirrel

 

Scorpion

 

Leech

 

Lizard

 

 

(b) Suggest in which of these three areas the following plants would be found. (Answer A, B or C. Only one choice allowed for each!)

 

Animal

Suggested Area

Animal

Suggested Area

Oak

 

Moss

 

Sycamore

 

Mangrove

 

Orchid

 

Bramble

 

Cactus

 

Palm tree

 

 

(c) For each of the areas A, B and C give two suggestions of actual geographical areas in the world which they could represent:

 

Area

1st geographical region

2nd geographical region

A

 

 

B

 

 

C

 

 

 

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