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Chronology of the Iron and Steel Industry : Key

Iron and Steel

 

EVENTS

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Chronology of the Iron and Steel Industry
1709 - 1879

1700

Abraham Darby used coke to make pig iron at Coalbrookdale to make pig iron

1709's

1740

Benjamin Huntsman "rediscovered" steel.

1740's

1750

The first iron rolling mill (to make wrought iron) was opened at Foreham, Hampshire.

1754's

1760

Darby laid an iron plateway

1760's

Matthew Boulton established an ironworks, using coke as the fuel, in Birmingham.

1762's

The iron industry was centred around Merthyr, in the heart of the Welsh coalfields.

1765's

1770

Iron had replaced wood as the material for making industrial machines.

1770's

Wilkinson bored cylinders for Watt's engine

1775's

Abraham Darby III built the first iron bridge at Coalbrookdale.

1779's

1780

Henry Cort invented a new and improved method to produce wrought iron. He also developed a new way of making wrought iron railings.

1783's

1820

James Beaumont Neilson improved the blast furnace construction.

1828's

1850

Henry Bessemer developed the "basic oxygen converter" to make steel.

1856's

1870

Britain was producing 60 times as much pig iron as in 1800.

1870's

Percy Gilchrist and S.G. Thomas adapted Bessemer's process to suit phosphoric ores.

1879's

 

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