ODWS icon

The Open Door Web Site
HOMEPAGE CHEMISTRY PHYSICS ELECTRONICS BIOLOGY HISTORY HISTORY OF SCI & TECH  MATH STUDIES LEARNING FRENCH PHOTO GALLERY
STUDY GUIDE

WS

 

Guides and Revision Aids

Citation Machine: A valuable link for IB students
Subject Reference Guide for the Internet
Internet Guide for Parents and Students
Internet Guide for Teachers
Middle School Study Skills Guide

 

Specific Subject Information and Revision Help

Tips on Studying History
IB and OI Grade History and Geography Revision
IB Biology
IB Physics
IB Math Studies
Useful Links for Middle School Students about the Solar System
Useful Links for Middle School Students about Evolution

 

Tips on Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Try to use your own words and thoughts as much as possible

  • Take careful notes. Each time you copy a quote or note information from any source, print or electronic, be sure to note the author, title and page number. Keep separate notes on your own thoughts or analysis of the text.

  • When you are paraphrasing someone else's work, use lead-in phrases such as "According to Brown, ....." or "As Brown has written, ......"

  • Be sure to reference any new idea that you have come across as a result of your research, (that is not general knowledge).

  • Refer to the "MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers", for more details on plagiarism and on bibliographies.

    MLA 7th Edition Summary PDF download

 

 

Further Information

Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th edition. New York: MLA, 2009

Proctor, Margaret. How Not to Plagiarize. 4 Sept. 2002. University of Toronto. 23 Oct. 2002

 

 

STUDY GUIDE

Custom Search

Citing Sources in Academic Papers

What is plagiarism?

According to the MLA Handbook, plagiarism, from the Latin 'plagiarius' "kidnapper", is a form of cheating which occurs when you use someone else's ideas in your own work without properly acknowledging the source (30).

Plagiarism may be accidental or deliberate : unfortunately, the consequences are the same. You risk expulsion and/or failure.

 

Example A : Direct Quotation

(NB : All examples taken from McMaster University, Statement on Academic Ethics)

"Thomas Hardy was vitally interested in the social conditions and the trends of the late nineteenth century. As Douglas Brown has written, 'the tragedy of the exodus of the agricultural workers from the villages and the countryside, and what tragedy represents, forms one of Hardy's continual themes' (36-39). Tess of the d'Urvervilles is an obvious example of Hardy's social concern."

A direct quotation is an acceptable way of including another writer's work in your own paper. Later, the reference is included in your bibliography :

Brown, Douglas. Thomas Hardy. London, 1954. 36 - 39

 

Example B : Indirect Reference or Paraphrasing

"Thomas Hardy was aware of the changes taking place in the England of his day, and his writings reflect his interest in these changes. As a countryman he was particularly concerned about the migration of the agricultural workers from the countryside into the industrial towns, and Douglas Brown has argued that this is one of the most significant themes in Hardy's work (36 - 39). Tess if the d'Urbervilles is obviously relevant in this connection."

This is acceptable as the writer has included a reference to acknowledge that this idea came from Brown's writing.

 

Example C : Plagiarism

"Thomas Hardy was concerned about the social conditions of his time. The tragedy of the exodus of the agricultural workers from the villages and the countryside, and what that tragedy represents, forms one of Hardy's continual themes. Tess is a good example."

This is plagiarism because the writer is using Douglas Brown's exact words and ideas without referring to him. Even if Brown's book is included in the bibliography, this part of the essay would be considered plagiarism because there is no direct reference to Brown in this passage.

 

Bibliography Examples (MLA style)

A Book

Klein, Naomi. No Logo. Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada

A Newspaper Article

Knowlton, Brian. "North Korea arms pact is now dead, Powell says." International Herald Tribune 21 Oct. 2002: 1.

An Anonymous Article

"French Defence policy: Rearming" The Economist 19 Oct. 2002: 32

Citing a Web Page

  1. Name of the creator (if given) e.g. S. Burchill
  2. Title of the site, underlined, or a description such as Home Page.
  3. Date of the last update, if given.
  4. The names of any organisation associated with the site
  5. The date you accessed the site.
  6. The URL (web address)

For example: S. Burchill. The Open Door Web Site. 21 Oct. 2016. (www.saburchill.com)

 

The Open Door Web Site is non-profit making. Your donations help towards the cost of maintaining this free service on-line.

Donate to the Open Door Web Site using PayPal

SITE MAP
WHAT'S NEW?
ABOUT

PRIVACY

COPYRIGHT

SPONSORSHIP

DONATIONS

ADVERTISING

© The Open Door Team 2017
Any questions or problems regarding this site should be addressed to the webmaster

Hosted By
Web Hosting by HostCentric


SiteLock