The Open Door Web Site
Facts and Figures Index
Brown bear, Jardin des Plantes, Paris
FACTS AND FIGURES
The grizzly bear has a mass of around 490 kg. The largest bear was an Alaskan grizzly which had a mass of 571 kg, which is just over half a tonne. The grizzly bear can live for up to 30 years. It is an omnivore, eating such things as fruits, a variety of plants, insects, small mammals, salmon, trout and small deer. The grizzly bear can charge towards its prey at up to 50 km/h. It needs to eat 12 to 16 kg of food each day.
Herd of hippopotamuses, Kenya
The hippopotamus is an amphibious mammal. An adult male hippopotamus has a mass of up to 3,2 tonnes and can live for 45 years. It can swim and dive very well and is able to stay under water for up to 5 minutes.
Hippopotamuses live together in herds of up to 50 individuals. These herds are always located near ponds and rivers. The ears and eyes of the hippopotamus are at the top of its head so that they can stay out of the water while the rest of the body is submerged.
The skin of the hippopotamus is not tough like the skin of an elephant. To stop losing too much water the hippopotamus spends most of the day in water. In the early evening, when it is cooler, the herd walks up to 2,8 km away from the river to feed on grass. The hippopotamuses feed for up to 6 hours. Each has to eat 40 kg of food during the night. In the early morning the herd returns to the water.
A pride of lions contains between 1 to 6 fully grown males and 4 to 12 females. In the wild, lions can live up to 15 years. The mass of a male lion can reach 240kg, three times the mass of an adult man. The lioness is usually smaller with a mass of up to 180kg.
Male lions need to eat 7kg of meat each day and the females need 5kg. When they are hunting, lionesses can reach speeds of 58km/h. Most large herbivores can reach speeds of 80km/h, so the lionesses need to be within 30 metres of their prey before they start to run.
The Open Door Web Site is non-profit making. Your donations help towards the cost of maintaining this free service on-line.
Donate to the Open Door Web Site using PayPal