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Bismuth

What the name means: The name bismuth is a Latin translation of the German word wismuth. Wismuth probably comes from the German words wies, meaning "field" and muster meaning "place". Another possible origin is from the German weisse masse, meaning "white mass".

Bismuth

Bismuth atom

Bismuth atom

 

 

(Note: Can also form 3-, 1- and 4+ ions)

Bismuth ion

 

Bismuth ion

 

Who identified bismuth?: Bismuth was mentioned in documents dating from 1450 when Basileus Valentinus referred to it as wismut. In 1546, the alchemist Georgius Agricola referred to it as wissmuth. The identification of bismuth as a new element is attributed to Claud-François Geoffroy who, in 1753, distinguished it from the element lead.

In the 15th century the alchemists believed that bismuth transformed into silver since miners always found it in a layer above silver deposits.

 

Properties

BIPROPS

STP = standard temperature and pressure.
Usually considered as room temperature and pressure.

 

About bismuth: Bismuth is a white, slightly pink, brittle element. It can be found in the Earth's crust as the metal and in certain ores, such as bismite. Bismuth is used in alloys to enhance the properties of other metals.

 

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