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Visual Chemistry Homepage : The Periodic Table

 

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Lead

What the name means: The word lead probably comes from the Anglo Saxon word laedan. The symbol, Pb, derives from the Latin word for lead, plumbum.

Lead

Lead atom

Lead atom

 

 

Lead ion II

Lead ion IV

Lead II ion

Lead IV ion

 

Who identified lead?: Lead was one of the first metals to be worked by man. Jewelry containing lead and dating from 6500BC has been unearthed in Turkey. The Romans mined lead in Iberia and used it to make pipes and pewter (an alloy of copper and lead). The alchemists saw lead as particularly significant because it was considered the "oldest metal". They used it in complex recipes, often kept secret, in an attempt to make gold.

 

Properties

PBPROPS

STP = standard temperature and pressure.
Usually considered as room temperature and pressure.

 

About lead: Lead is a grey, soft and ductile metal that is not very strong. It is resistant to corrosion. Lead can be found as the element in nature but this is quite rare; it is extracted from its compounds from ores, such as galena.

 

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