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Bromine

What the name means: The word bromine derives from the Greek word, bromos which means "stink" or "bad smell".

Bromine

Bromine atom

Bromine atom

 

 

 

Bromide ion

 

Bromide ion

Who identified bromine?: In 1826, a French chemist called Antoine-Jéröme Balard identified a new substance extracted from the fronds of Fucus, a brown seaweed. At first he thought that it must be a compound of either chlorine or iodine. However, he soon realised that he had identified a new element with similar properties to chlorine and iodine. He called his new element muride, after the Latin word, muria meaning salt water.

Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac of the French Academy of Science established the name bromine for the element on account of its pungent odour. It so happened that a young chemist in Germany, Carl Löwig, had been the first to identify bromine one year before Balard, in 1825. Unfortunately, Löwig was a student with exams to revise for and he did not have the time to publish his work, which is why he is not given credit for the identification.

 

Properties

BRPROPS

STP = standard temperature and pressure.
Usually considered as room temperature and pressure.

 

About bromine: Bromine belongs to the group of elements known as the halogens. The word halogen literally means "forming a salt".

 

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