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What the name means: The word bromine derives from the Greek word, bromos which means "stink" or "bad smell".
Who identified bromine?: In 1826, a French chemist called Antoine-Jéröme Balard identified a new substance extracted from the fronds of Fucus, a brown seaweed. At first he thought that it must be a compound of either chlorine or iodine. However, he soon realised that he had identified a new element with similar properties to chlorine and iodine. He called his new element muride, after the Latin word, muria meaning salt water.
Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac of the French Academy of Science established the name bromine for the element on account of its pungent odour. It so happened that a young chemist in Germany, Carl Löwig, had been the first to identify bromine one year before Balard, in 1825. Unfortunately, Löwig was a student with exams to revise for and he did not have the time to publish his work, which is why he is not given credit for the identification.
STP = standard temperature and pressure.
About bromine: Bromine belongs to the group of elements known as the halogens. The word halogen literally means "forming a salt".
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