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What the name means: Germanium is named after the country Germany. (The Latin name for Germany is Germania).
Who identified germanium?: Arguably, it was Dmitri Mendeleev who first identified Germanium as element 32 in his periodic table. He knew that element 32 must exist and he called it eka-silicon, meaning "the next (after)" silicon in group 4. It was a German analytical chemist named Clemens Alexander Winkler who recognised the new element in 1886. He has been asked to analyse an ore from a Saxony mine. He found that the ore contained zinc, sulfur, iron oxides and a new element that he called Germanium.
STP = standard temperature and pressure.
About germanium: Germanium is a metalloid, which means that it has similar properties to both metals and non-metals. Germanium is extremely rare but it can be extracted from certain zinc and copper ores. It is a hard, shiny, silvery metal with the same crystal structure as diamond.
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