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What the name means: Carbon comes from the Latin carbo meaning coal or charcoal.
Who identified carbon?: Carbon has been used since prehistoric times. It was produced, as charcoal, when wood was burnt in a limited air supply. Carbon was not identified as an element until 1796 when a chemist named Smithson Tennant proved that diamond was made from pure carbon atoms.
STP = standard temperature and pressure.
About carbon: Carbon is a non-metal and is the sixth most common element. A carbon atom is able to chemically bond to other carbon atoms, as well as many other different elements. Carbon is the basis of a branch of chemistry called organic chemistry. This branch of chemistry includes the study of fossil fuels and biochemistry, the study of the chemicals present in living things. It is estimated that there are over ten million known compounds containing the element carbon. On Earth, carbon can be found in three different forms, called allotropes. These allotropes are soot or powdered carbon, graphite and diamond. Graphite is soft and black; it is used in as the "lead" in pencils. Diamond, a rare and expensive gem stone, is one of the hardest substances known.
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