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What the name means: Compounds containing Boron were used by the ancient civilizations of Arabia, Persia, Egypt, Rome and China. The ancient names for these ores were Buraq (Arabic), Burah (Persian) and Bor (Turkish). The Roman name for borax ores was borum.
Who identified boron?: In 1808 various chemists, Sir Humphry Davy (UK), Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard (France) isolated a chemical they called boracium (Davy) and bore (Gay-Lussac and Thénard). None of these scientist realised that they had found a new element. It wasn't until 1824 that the Swedish chemist, Jöns Jakob Berzelius, recognised the chemical as an element.
STP = standard temperature and pressure.
About boron: Boron is never found as an element in nature. It is abundant in borate rocks. Boron is classed as a semi-metal or metalloid. This means that it can sometimes act as a metal, even though it mostly acts like a non-metal. It is found in the vertical group 3 in the periodic table.
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