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Tutorial Index

Introduction to Elements, Atoms, Molecules, Compounds and Chemical Bonding
Introduction to Chemical Bonding
Metals, Non-metals and Compounds
Non-metal Radical Groups
Names of Acids and other compounds
Introduction to Chemical Reactions, the Rules and the products of a reaction
Types of Chemical Reactions I
Types of Chemical Reactions II
Using Chemical Formulae
Balancing Chemical Equations

The Chapters Index

 

Introduction to the Periodic Table

We have been using only 12 elements but there are, in fact, 118 in total! The table below shows 86 of them.

The table also shows the chemical symbol used to represent each element. Some of these symbols are easy to remember. H, O, S, N, C and Cl are obvious.

Other symbols are more difficult to remember because they refer to the Latin name for the element. For example :

Iron (Fe = ferrum in Latin), copper (Cu = cuprum in Latin), sodium (Na = natrium in Latin) and potassium (K = kalium in Latin).

 

 

THE LANGUAGE OF CHEMISTRY

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Introduction to the Periodic Table

 

 

I

II

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

III

IV

V

VI

VII

0

H
hydrogen

 

He

Li

Be

 

B

C
carbon

N
nitrogen

O
oxygen

F

Ne

Na
sodium

Mg

Al
aluminium

Si

P

S
sulfur

Cl
chlorine

Ar

K
potassium

Ca
calcium

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe
iron

Co

Ni

Cu
copper

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br

Kr

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

I

Xe

Cs

Ba

La

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

 

For a more detailed version of the Periodic Table visit the Visual Chemistry Homepage (opens in a new window): Visual Chemistry: Periodic Table

 

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