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Complete Chronology of the Industrial Revolution: Key

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Steam Engines

Iron and Steel

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Agriculture

Road Transport

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Textiles

Steamships

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Railways

   

 

 

IRI

 

IR2

 

IR3

HISTORY OF SCIENC AND TECHNOLOGY

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Complete Chronology of the Industrial Revolution

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1696 Savery invented a steam-driven water pump

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1701 Tull developed the seed drill

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1705 Newcomen made a successful steam engine

1700

 






1709 Darby used coke to make pig iron

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1712 Newcomen made an atmospheric steam engine

1710

 
 

1720

 

A

1730 Townsend introduced Four Year Crop Rotation

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1733 Kay invented the Flying Shuttle

1730

 

1730's Turnpike roads are constructed

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1740

1740 Huntsman 'rediscovered' steel

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1755 Bakewell experimented with selective breeding

1750


1754 First iron rolling mill is opened

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T

1764 Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny

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1764 Watt invented the internal condenser

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1766 Cavendish produced nitrates from nitrogen gas

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1769 Watt improved on Newcomen's steam engine

1760

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1760's Darby laid an iron plateway

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1762 Boulton opened an ironworks in Birmingham

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1769 Cugnot invented a steam propelled vehicle

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1771 Arkwright opened a mill at Cromford

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1772 Coke began his breeding experiments


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1779 Crompton developed the Spinning Mule

1770



1775 Wilkinson bored cylinders for Watt's engine

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1779 Abraham Darby III built the first iron bridge

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1781 Watt developed the compound steam engine

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1782 Tull's seed drill is improved by adding gears

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1783 Arkwright's Masson Mill opened

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1784 Small developed an iron plough

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1785 Cartwright's steam power loom in use

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1786 Boulton used steam to power his coin factory

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1786 Meikle developed a threshing machine

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1788 Boulton used a rotary steam engine in his factory

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1789 Jessop used flanged waggon wheels

1780

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1783 d'Abbans steamship Pyroscaphe launched

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1783 Cort invented the "puddling process"

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1786 Murdock developed a road steam vehicle

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1790 Arkwright's steam-powered factory opens

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1792 Whitney invented the cotton gin

1790

 





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1804 Jaquard used a punch card for weaving

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1805 Wandsworth-Croydon public railway opened

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1806 Oystermouth passenger railway opened

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1808 Trevithick's "Catch -Me-Who-Can" locomotive is built

1800

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1801 Trevithick's passenger steam vehicle

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1802 Symington's Charlotte Dundas steamship

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1803 Fulton's steam-driven boat used on the Seine

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1804 Steven's used a twin-screw propeller steamboat

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1807 Fulton's steam paddleship, the Clermont

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1812Blenkinsop's railway locomotive operated

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1813 Horrocks invented the speed batton

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1813 Hedley's "Puffing Billy" used on a non-toothed track

1810

1810 Macadam developed a new type of road construction

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1812 First horse-drawn bus system operated

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1812 The steamship Comet operated on the Clyde

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1815 Telford's London to Holyhead road constructed

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1819 The steamship Savannah crossed the Atlantic

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1820 Wrought iron rails used to make railways


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1825 Stockton to Darlington railway line opened

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1827 First railway tunnel built under Liverpool

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1829 Stephenson's "Rocket" won the Rainhill trials

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1829 Sequin built the first French steam locomotive

1820

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1820 The steamship James Watt was launched

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1822 The first iron steamship, Aaroon Manby launched

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1827 Dr. Gurney's steam coach operated

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1828 Neilson improved blast furnace construction

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1832 First steam locomotive railway in France is built


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1835 Locke designed bulkhead rail

 

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1839 Nasmyth invented the steam hammer

1830





1836 Ericsson and Smith development the screw propeller

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1837 Brunel's steamship Great Western launched

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1846 Standard gauge adopted for British railways

 

1840

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1840 Cunard shipping line opened

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1843 Brunel's steamship Great Britain launched

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1845 Brunel's steamship Great Britain crossed the Atlantic

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1847Cunard provide a regular cross-Atlantic service

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1850


1854 Elder invented the double steam engine

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1856 Bessemer developed the basic oxygen converter

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1858 Brunel's Great Eastern launched

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1863 First underground railway

1860

1860 Lenoir's gas engine used in road vehicles

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1861 Véloe's péde bicycle introduced

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1879 Von Seimen's electric train operated in Berlin

1870

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1870 Penny farthing bicycles introduced

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1876 Otto's four stroke engine developed

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1879 Gilchrist and Thomas adapted Bessemer's process

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1881 First electric passenger train used in Germany

 

1880

1881 Elder developed the triple expansion engine

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1885 Benz's petrol-driven motorwagen developed

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1890 First underground electric train operates

 

1890

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1890 Rubber tyres used on bicycles

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1894 Elder developed the quadruple expansion engine

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1895 Michelin Brothers used air-filled tyres on cars

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1898 Motorised omnibuses used in Britain

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1899 Gear boxes used in Benz's cars

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1900

1908 Model T Ford started production

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1912 First diesel trains operate in Sweden

1910

 

 

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